Beijing+25: Progress and challenges till date

Rosa Parks
The symbol of resistance to racial segregation: Rosa Parks
June 22, 2019
FIFA Women’s World Cup 2019
In lens: FIFA Women’s World Cup 2019
July 29, 2019
Show all

Beijing+25: Progress and challenges till date

Beijing+25

The 1995 Beijing Conference will complete its 25th year in 2020. The Fourth World Conference on Women organized by the United Nations after the first in Mexico in 1975, the second in Copenhagen in 1980 and the third in Nairobi 1985, was a milestone for improving human rights for women and girls. In the conference, 189 UN member states unanimously adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (BFPA) as a global agenda for girls and women rights improvement. The BPFA focuses on twelve critical areas for strategic women and girls’ development including poverty, education and training, economy and armed conflict. The conference was a historically significant event where over 17000 participants attended which included 6000 government bodies, 4000 NGO representatives across the world, civil servants and over 4000 media representatives. Due to its empowering and long-term impact on women’s rights, the Platform for Action is reviewed and appraised every five years to continue to implement its commitments. The next review scheduled for 2020 also marks the 25th anniversary of the Declaration and Platform for Action.
25 years to the conference and commitment by 189 countries for advancement of women’s and girls’ rights and there still lie wide array of challenges on the way of advancement. Although significant progress is visible on data in different sectors like education and health, the subtle form of discrimination as well as explicit violence against women and girls are still rampant across the world. Persistent inequalities in workforce and stereotypical cultural norms binding women to the households contribute to create hurdles on the way. Stark gaps exist for poor women and girls living in rural areas and in poor urban settlements on several indicators including enrollment in education, maternal mortality and access to services such as water and sanitation.
However, we can also not ignore the significant progresses and level of raised awareness in this amount of time. Despite the persistent gaps, many countries have made important advances to realize women’s rights by introducing and implementing laws, policies and programs. Many of the transformative advances have been driven by women’s movements, and have often been more effective where they have worked in alliance with other gender equality advocates, in local and national governments, parliaments and political parties. Advancement in policies for violence against women and recognition of unpaid work of women has been possible post PFA.
On several indicators like Poverty, education, health and violence against women, there has been significant progress as well as noteworthy gaps and challenges. Referring to the report published by UN Women in for BPFA turning 20, here are some of the major points that gives the picture of the progress of BPFA.

Poverty:
The report highlights that there has been a drop in the rates of below poverty line- living under the threshold of $1.25 a day – from 47% to 22% in between 1990-2010. There is evidence that women are more likely to live in poverty than men. Across countries and regions, women are less likely than men to have access to decent work, assets and formal credit, although systematic global data on some of these dimensions have yet to be collected. Over-representation in household works and limited access to, education, family planning, health care, housing, land and other assets are considered the determinants for consistent poverty. However, states have been addressing these issues through various means such as introducing policies enabling women to reconcile paid and unpaid care responsibilities, strengthening labor market regulations; providing social protection including: child benefits, conditional cash transfers, old-age pensions and subsidies for education, health care and housing, ensuring access to land, property and productive resources through: legal reform; the issuance of individual or joint land and property titles for women; housing subsidies and access to agricultural technologies, information and resources and ensuring access to financial services through micro-credit schemes and mobile technologies. However, the national level policies must compliment with ground level implementation and eradication of gender based discrimination would only ensure proper economic growth of women.

Education
Between 1990 and 2012, there was significant progress towards closing the gender gap in primary enrollments. Gender parity exists in secondary education but girls still face significant disadvantages in many regions. Young women’s share of enrollment in tertiary education has also increased. In 1995, they made up 48 per cent of tertiary students globally and the share rose to 51 per cent in 2012.4 However, despite women’s increasing participation in tertiary enrollment, significant differences are observed in the fields in which men and women study. Women accounted for the majority of graduates in the field of education. By contrast, in the area of engineering, manufacturing and construction, men constituted the majority of graduates in 99 out of 103 countries with data in the same period. Initiations that made these results possible were such as addressing economic barriers to girls’ education, through the elimination of fees, free provision of school supplies, meals and transportation as well as measures to provide financial support in the form of loans, grants and scholarships; addressing violence against girls, revising school curricula and textbooks to eliminate pervasive gender stereotypes and implementing training programs to increase the capacity of teachers to provide gender-responsive education and Increasing support for the transition from work to school, such as providing technical and vocational education and training to women and girls as well as initiatives to improve literacy skills of women and girls. However, certain gender gaps in education still exists because of persistent violence against women in education setting as well as social harmful norms like child marriages, for which states must invest more time and effort.

Health:
Women’s life expectancy has increased globally over the last 20 years from 67 to 73 years between 1990 and 2012.Significant challenges remain with unacceptably high levels of maternal mortality in some regions, lack of access to sexual and reproductive health services and the increasing rates of non-communicable diseases. States have been successful to increase women’s access to health services through: free access to health-care; improving access in rural areas; training and education of health-care staff; and improving accessibility to free or subsidized essential drugs and commodities. Realization of sexual and reproductive health and rights through legal reforms and the expansion of sexual and reproductive health services have been vital to the advancement of women’s health. Likewise, there has been ensured health rights of marginalized groups of women and girls through specific measures to improve access to health-care services.
Women in power and decision making
Power and decision making is one of the indicators where intensive effort is further required. Despite the steady increase in women’s political representation and participation in parliaments, women remain significantly under-represented at the highest levels of political participation as well as across the public and private sectors. The persistence of discrimination, gender bias, and the threat of violence, harassment and intimidation in political institutions contribute to the low levels of women’s political participation. Sates are implementing temporary special measures to increase women’s participation, such as through the adoption of quotas and through constitutional and legal reforms. Also, addressing gender bias in political institutions and supporting women’s political participation, through implementing capacity-building initiatives to support women’s political participation at the local and national levels, a more comprehensive approach is required to ensure their participation from local to national level.

107 Comments

  1. Lhvdjd says:

    allergy medication better than allegra alternatives to allergy medication allergy medication primary name

  2. Heai_dyor says:

    мешки для мусора мешки для мусора для любых нужд упаковка для мусора? Выбирай мешки для мусора
    Подходят для различных объемов мусора – выбирай нужный пакет
    пакетиков для мусора – “Доставка за дорогие пакеты для мусора? Заказывай к нам!
    покупать дорогие мешки для мусора? Заказывай у нас – “Утверждают: наша тара мешков для мусора надежная нашей упаковки мешков для мусора множеством покупателями
    Надежные мешки для мусора – соответствуют даже в любых условиях
    Нет необходимости больше? Закажи у нас пакеты для мусора мешков для мусора – подберешь именно то, что нужно
    Огромный выбор для мешков мусора – все доступно у нас
    много сил на поиски мешков для мусора? Заказывай у нас!
    “Тебе нужны качественные пакетики для мусора? У нас есть в наличии все, что тебе нужно
    “Не трать за упаковку мешков для мусора – выбирай у нас по выгодной цене
    некачественные мешки для мусора? Заказывай у нас по выгодной цене
    Не переплачивай – заходи к нам за мешками для мусора по доступной цене
    “Нужны качественные мешки для мусора? Приобретай упаковку от нас
    мусорный пакет купить https://www.meshki-dlya-musora-b.ru/.

  3. Vain_cnPn says:

    Купить строительные мешки с удобными петлями
    сколько стоят мешки для строительного мусора https://www.meshki-dlya-stroitelnogo-musora-y.ru/.

  4. Где заказать мешки для строительного мусора
    мешки строительные купить https://meshki-dlya-stroitelnogo-musora-e.ru/.

  5. Vain_ymPn says:

    Купить мешки для строительного мусора для больших объемов
    мешки строительные цена meshki-dlya-stroitelnogo-musora-p.ru.

  6. Заказать малярный скотч по низкой цене
    Оптовые поставки малярного скотча
    Выгодные цены на малярный скотч
    Крепкий малярный скотч для ремонта
    Упаковочный скотч
    малярным скотчем http://malyarnyj-skotch-kupit.ru/.

  7. Mjwrde says:

    how to get prednisone without a prescription prednisone price

  8. Eyfvqt says:

    best dermatologist acne medication order avlosulfon sale acne treatment for teenage girl

  9. Gtssxb says:

    best allergy medications over the counter oral fexofenadine 180mg behind the counter allergy medicine

  10. Pyjmup says:

    isotretinoin 20mg drug generic isotretinoin 20mg isotretinoin 10mg over the counter

  11. Yjmfcr says:

    buy amoxil 500mg online cheap order amoxil 500mg generic buy amoxicillin 250mg generic

  12. Oalijt says:

    prescription sleep medication online purchase phenergan pills

  13. Jbynex says:

    order zithromax 250mg generic order zithromax 250mg pill buy zithromax pills

  14. Xter_qsEr says:

    Легкие и удобные бахилы для защиты обуви
    бахилы оптом цена https://bahily-kupit.ru/.

  15. Btinat says:

    order neurontin online cheap gabapentin medication

  16. Jpzoih says:

    brand azithromycin 500mg azipro 500mg ca azipro 500mg for sale

  17. Qirefv says:

    buy furosemide medication lasix 40mg oral

  18. Березин Андрей Евроинвест https://lenta.ru/tags/persons/berezin-andrey.

  19. Gqjmoi says:

    purchase omnacortil omnacortil generic buy generic omnacortil 10mg

  20. Jvtcep says:

    order amoxil 250mg without prescription buy amoxil 1000mg cheap amoxicillin 250mg

  21. Azbgql says:

    levothroid price cheap levothyroxine pill order synthroid 100mcg online

  22. Ubchos says:

    clomid 50mg tablet cost clomid 50mg buy clomiphene 50mg without prescription

  23. amruthaborewells.com
    맙소사, 불쌍한 Sanbao 내시는 사후에 평화롭게 살 수 없습니다.

  24. amruthaborewells.com
    Fang Jifan은 “류진! 내 손자!”

  25. Sapxsw says:

    buy tizanidine cheap tizanidine for sale online buy tizanidine medication

  26. Gxenda says:

    order rybelsus 14mg generic buy semaglutide 14 mg sale semaglutide online order

  27. Tnxipo says:

    buy deltasone buy deltasone 10mg sale buy prednisone online

  28. restaurant-lenvol.net
    “빨리, 빨리 자리를 비우세요, 장 형제님, 앉아서 얘기하세요.”

  29. Nlmzkk says:

    buy rybelsus 14 mg without prescription order semaglutide 14mg generic rybelsus 14mg ca

  30. Jrhhlc says:

    buy accutane 40mg online cheap order isotretinoin 20mg pills order accutane 40mg sale

  31. Eprvse says:

    buy generic ventolin for sale buy ventolin pills order asthma pills

  32. Bxjlys says:

    amoxicillin us amoxil 500mg brand purchase amoxil generic

  33. Spbvfk says:

    augmentin 375mg brand augmentin 1000mg uk augmentin 1000mg tablet

  34. modernkarachi.com
    사람들은 오래된 동전을 귀중한 지폐로 빨리 교환하기를 기다릴 수 없습니다.

  35. Давыдов Эдуард Маликович http://eduard-davydov.ru/ .

  36. Zhylmt says:

    purchase azithromycin for sale azithromycin over the counter zithromax price

  37. Rebnno says:

    buy synthroid 75mcg without prescription cheap levoxyl online how to buy levothyroxine

  38. doeaccforum.com
    밖에서 발소리가 들리자 Liu Jian은 Fang Jifan이 도착했음을 알았습니다.

  39. modernkarachi.com
    이것은 Hongzhi 황제를 걱정하게 만들기에 충분합니다.

  40. Anyfxj says:

    order omnacortil 20mg omnacortil 10mg cost order omnacortil 10mg online cheap

  41. Otgmrx says:

    clomid online buy serophene for sale clomid 50mg usa

  42. Iqvbfu says:

    buy gabapentin for sale neurontin 600mg without prescription cost neurontin

  43. Николаев Вячеслав Контантинович https://vyacheslav-konstantinovich-nikolaev.ru/ .

  44. Ipkqsg says:

    sildenafil 20mg buy viagra 50mg online cheap sildenafil tablets

  45. this-is-a-small-world.com
    길가에서는 폭발과 같았고 많은 사람들이 Fang Jifan에게 경의를 표했습니다.

  46. Wbahhl says:

    buy furosemide 40mg online cheap lasix 100mg uk order lasix pill

  47. Zzqwwl says:

    rybelsus online purchase rybelsus pill rybelsus 14 mg price

  48. Bqsnya says:

    brand monodox buy vibra-tabs pills buy doxycycline 100mg pills

  49. Acvykh says:

    buy levitra 20mg levitra 20mg for sale levitra 20mg sale

  50. Apffzh says:

    free casino slot games play roulette for free online blackjack casino

  51. полный аудит сайта цена http://prodvizhenie-sajtov15.ru/ .

  52. купить диплом колледжа http://prema-diploms.com/ .

  53. chasemusik.com
    Wang Jinyuan은 어쩔 수 없이 말했다: “사실 악당은 이 사람들이 어떻게 생각하는지 모릅니다…”

  54. Vmnntc says:

    buy plaquenil 200mg online plaquenil 200mg over the counter cheap plaquenil 200mg

  55. купить диплом колледжа http://www.man-diploms.com .

  56. digiyumi.com
    Xu Jing은 엄숙하게 모든 사람에게 한 마디로 말했습니다.

  57. Jfcpds says:

    cialis overnight delivery cialis for men over 50 cialis us

  58. Upujka says:

    aristocort 10mg drug order aristocort sale aristocort over the counter

  59. купить диплом о высшем образовании https://www.orik-diploms.com .

  60. Rlqhlf says:

    order generic cenforce 50mg oral cenforce 50mg purchase cenforce pills

  61. Uikvlt says:

    order desloratadine without prescription purchase desloratadine generic order clarinex 5mg pill

  62. this-is-a-small-world.com
    Fang Jifan은 약간 멍해졌고 예상하지 못했습니다 … 그가 그렇게 귀중했습니다.

  63. Yvjkwy says:

    chloroquine 250mg price chloroquine cheap buy aralen no prescription

  64. Dpuecw says:

    purchase loratadine for sale loratadine us buy claritin online cheap

  65. Kdtifw says:

    priligy price misoprostol canada order cytotec pills

  66. hihouse420.com
    그는 Jinyiwei에서 중요하지 않은 작은 깃발 장교 일뿐입니다.

  67. sm-online-game.com
    “전하, 어디서…이게 나온 거죠?” Fang Jifan이 부드럽게 속삭였습니다.

  68. Qbfezf says:

    buy lipitor pills for sale buy atorvastatin 40mg order atorvastatin 10mg without prescription

  69. Heenis says:

    orlistat 120mg ca buy diltiazem 180mg generic diltiazem 180mg sale

  70. проект оборудование для актового зала школы https://i-tec1.ru .

  71. Uruojd says:

    buy amlodipine cheap order norvasc online cheap amlodipine over the counter

  72. оборудование актового зала учебного заведения https://www.i-tec3.ru/ .

  73. lfchungary.com
    그들의 창의성은 Fang Jifan의 기대를 훨씬 뛰어넘었습니다.

  74. Siizhz says:

    zovirax uk buy acyclovir 800mg pill allopurinol 100mg ca

  75. Ygvbdk says:

    order zestril 10mg for sale zestril 10mg ca zestril 2.5mg uk

  76. Zaymy_klma says:

    взять займ micro zaim online https://topruscredit.ru .

  77. strelkaproject.com
    Zhao Sande도 말을 너무 많이하는 것 같아서 서둘러 “Chen Wan이 죽었습니다. “라고 말했습니다.

  78. Fspbqo says:

    rosuvastatin 10mg ca buy zetia pills zetia brand

  79. Mwsgnm says:

    prilosec price purchase prilosec online cheap order prilosec 20mg

  80. купить аттестат цена http://www.rudik-attestats.com/ .

  81. lfchungary.com
    Fang Jifan은 손을 들고 Wang Jinyuan의 얼굴을 때렸습니다.

  82. smcasino7.com
    Deng Jian은 화를 내며 화를 내며 말했습니다. “누가 감히 확신하지 못합니까?”

  83. Pyvfwu says:

    purchase motilium online cheap how to get domperidone without a prescription tetracycline uk

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

No Favorites Has Been Added!
Top